When dentists or hygienists tell a patient that they have periodontal disease, what comes to their mind? Most patients don’t feel any pain or doesn’t have any symptoms, so they think that there is nothing wrong and that they don’t have it. This can be diagnosed by looking at the gums and using a special probe that measures how deep the gum pocket is between the tooth and the bone. Most of the time, bleeding can be seen, either when brushing the teeth or when probing. This is the first sign of an active infection. If left untreated over a period of time, the condition will progress and cause loss of bone which will eventually lead to the tooth becoming very loose and may end up needing to be extracted. How is periodontal disease treated? The first step is to visit a dentist for a comprehensive examination. If found to have periodontal disease, the dentist may recommend deep cleaning which would require scraping tartar buildup from the inside of the gum. This is a different kind of procedure than the simple cleaning that is normally done every 6 months. In some cases of sensitivity, placing anesthesia, gingival irrigation and a take home prescription strength mouth rinse might also be recommended.